There are two main types of contact dermatitis: irritant and allergic.
What is contact dermatitis look like?
Contact dermatitis can appear as an itchy, red rash. In this photo, the irritation is likely due to a watchband or to soap residue trapped beneath the band. Contact dermatitis is a red, itchy rash caused by direct contact with a substance or an allergic reaction to it.
What triggers contact dermatitis?
Common triggers of contact dermatitis include: soaps, detergents, and disinfectants. plants, such as poison ivy. cosmetics, perfumes, and toiletries.
What are the stages of contact dermatitis?
Phases. Allergic contact dermatitis has two distinct phases: the sensitization phase and the elicitation phase. The sensitization phase is when the skin first comes in contact with the offending substance. The elicitation phase is when the symptoms appear.
How do I get rid of contact dermatitis?
To help reduce itching and soothe inflamed skin, try these self-care approaches:
- Avoid the irritant or allergen. …
- Apply an anti-itch cream or lotion to the affected area. …
- Take an oral anti-itch drug. …
- Apply cool, wet compresses. …
- Avoid scratching. …
- Soak in a comfortably cool bath. …
- Protect your hands.
Does contact dermatitis ever go away?
Most cases of contact dermatitis go away on their own once the substance is no longer in contact with the skin.
How do you get rid of contact dermatitis fast?
- Cool compresses. Apply a cool, damp cloth to the affected area. …
- Clean the affected area. If you’ve come into contact with an irritating substance, wash it off as soon as possible. …
- Over-the-counter (OTC) ointments. …
- Antihistamines. …
- Lukewarm baths. …
- Avoid scratching. …
- Moisturizer and lotions.
What is usually the first sign of dermatitis?
Usually beginning in infancy, this red, itchy rash usually occurs where the skin flexes — inside the elbows, behind the knees and in front of the neck. The rash may leak fluid when scratched and crust over. People with atopic dermatitis may experience improvement and then seasonal flare-ups.
What is the best cream for dermatitis?
The Best Eczema Creams for Your Dry, Parched Skin
- CeraVe Moisturizing Lotion for Itch Relief. $16 now 19% off. …
- Avène Cicalfate Restorative Skin Cream. $28. …
- Dove DermaSeries Fragrance-Free Body Lotion. …
- CeraVe Daily Moisturizing Lotion. …
- Eucerin Eczema Relief Body Cream. …
- Vaseline Intensive Care Body Lotion. …
- CeraVe Healing Ointment.
How long does it take for contact dermatitis to clear up?
It can take a week to 10 days for the rash to resolve, but patients should experience relief from itchiness shortly after treatment begins. Fully evaluating allergic contact dermatitis through patch testing, especially when it’s recurrent, can provide a patient with substantial quality of life improvements.
Who is most at risk for contact dermatitis?
Contact dermatitis results in 5.7 million doctor visits each year in the United States, and all ages are affected. Females are slightly more commonly affected than males, and teenagers and middle-aged adults seem to be the most common age groups affected.
What chemicals can cause contact dermatitis?
Common causes of irritant contact dermatitis include:
- Alkalis like drain cleaners.
- Body fluids, including urine and saliva.
- Certain plants, such as poinsettias and peppers.
- Hair dyes.
- Nail polish remover or other solvents.
- Paints and varnishes.
- Harsh soaps or detergents.
Can shoes cause contact dermatitis?
Shoe contact dermatitis can be defined as skin manifestations on the feet caused by the wearing of shoes, boots and sandals. This often occurs because the skin on the feet reacts to particular substances (allergens) found in footwear.
Should you moisturize contact dermatitis?
For acute symptoms, cold compresses can help with the itch. For patients with oozing lesions, Burrow’s solution (aluminum triacetate), calamine, and/or oatmeal baths can also be utilized. In hand dermatitis, avoiding excessive hand washing and using non-irritating moisturizers is recommended.
Can contact dermatitis spread to other parts of the body?
In contact allergies, allergic reactions can also later occur in other parts of the body that didn’t come into contact with the allergen (trigger).