In a 2016 study, a team of international scientists found that a common chemical in many sunscreen lotions and cosmetics is highly toxic to juvenile corals and other marine life. Oxybenzone, or BP-3, is found in more than 3,500 skin care products worldwide for protection against the sun’s harmful effects.
Is sunscreen toxic to marine life?
Common chemicals used in thousands of products to protect against harmful effects of ultraviolet light threaten corals and other marine life. … Scientists have also discovered that some of the chemicals found in sunscreen and other personal health products threaten the health of coral reefs.
Which sunscreen is not toxic to marine life?
Mineral sunscreens with “non-nanotized” zinc oxide or titanium dioxide (“non-nanotized” means the ingredients are 100 nanometers in diameter or more) appear to be safer for coral reefs than chemical ones, according to the National Park Service.
What ingredients in sunscreen are harmful to marine life?
Common chemical sunscreen ingredients, such as oxybenzone and octinoxate, can kill coral and damage coral reefs.
Why is sunscreen bad for the ocean?
Recent studies have found that sunscreen chemicals in many popular products actually hurt corals. The main chemical culprits are oxybenzone and octinoxate, which convert sunburn-causing UV rays into harmless heat on human skin. … When beachgoers wearing sunscreen go swimming, they carry these chemicals into the ocean.
What should I avoid in sunscreen?
Avoid any skin or lip product whose label includes retinyl palmitate, retinol or vitamin A. Avoid oxybenzone, an ingredient that may behave like estrogen. Oxybenzone penetrates the skin readily and can disrupt the hormone system. Look for products with zinc oxide, 3 percent avobenzone or Mexoryl SX.
What sunscreen is banned in Hawaii?
HONOLULU— Sunscreens containing two harmful petrochemicals, avobenzone and octocrylene, would be banned from sale in Hawai’i under a bill passed today by the Hawai’i Senate. This bill follows a 2018 law banning oxybenzone and octinoxate sunscreens.
What brands of sunscreen are reef safe?
Here, we rounded up our favorite reef-friendly sunscreen options to pack for your next beach vacation.
- Thinksport SPF 50 Sunscreen.
- Kokua Sun Care Hawaiian SPF 50 Natural Zinc Sunscreen.
- All Good SPF 30 Sport Sunscreen Lotion.
- Suntegrity Natural Mineral Sunscreen.
- Raw Elements SPF 30 Certified Natural Sunscreen.
What chemicals are not reef safe?
Make sure your sunscreen does not contain the following harmful substances on the “HEL list:
- 4-methylbenzylidene camphor.
What sunscreen has no oxybenzone?
Neutrogena Beach Defense Water-Resistant Body Sunscreen Stick with Broad Spectrum SPF 50+, PABA-Free, and Oxybenzone-Free, Superior Protection Against UVA/UVB Rays, 1.5 oz.
Is zinc oxide safe for marine life?
“Our studies indicate that zinc oxide nanoparticles are very harmful for marine organisms, whereas titanium dioxide with surface coatings and metal doping, have a much lower impact,” she says.
Is Neutrogena sunscreen reef safe?
To the question of whether Neutrogena is a reef safe sunscreen, the answer is yes and no. Some of their sunscreen such as the Neutrogena Sheer Zinc Dry Touch sunscreen is reef safe. However, some, such as the Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Dry Touch sunscreen, are not reef safe.
What sunscreen is bad for the environment?
Common ingredients like oxybenzone, octinoxate, nano titanium dioxide, and nano zinc oxide can harm coral reefs and sea creatures. That’s why in 2018, Hawaii became the first state to ban the sale of sunscreens containing oxybenzone and octinoxate.
Does sunblock kill coral?
Is your sunscreen killing coral reefs? The likely answer, unless you are already sunscreen- reef savvy, is yes. … One of key ingredients in most chemical sunscreens is oxybenzone, a synthetic molecule known to be toxic to corals, algae, sea urchins, fish and mammals.
Are sunscreens toxic?
Oxybenzone: This ingredient is one of the most commonly-used sunscreen chemicals. … Oxybenzone is also harmful to aquatic life. This chemical is so harmful that in 2018, Hawaii banned it to protect coral reefs. Octinoxate: A commonly used UV filter that protects from UVB rays, but not UVA sun rays.
Does sunblock pollute water?
Synthetic musks in sunscreens and sanitizers have been found in water and soils in lake systems. And the Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) widely used as a preservative in these products can bioaccumulate to toxic levels in marine organisms.